In the eyes of many easter n chris tians, western chris tian ity became therbey a papal church, that is, a church that relates so predomi. Pierloni was born to a powerful roman family and, as second son, was destined to the church. Pope tore down the original sanctuary which had graced the site for the previous 700 years. This led to a major schism in the roman catholic church. Notwithstanding anacletuss sincere devotion to catholicism, his. Pope anacletus or anencletus, was the third pope after st peter and st linus. Oct 17, 2019 thus irenaeus has linus, anacletus, clement. He served in christianity during the years 97105 c. Both claimants were consecrated on the same day, 23 february, anacletus in st. This name is only another form for anacletus, the second successor of st. Cletus was a roman, who during his tenure as pope, is known to have ordained a number of priests and is traditionally credited with setting up about twentyfive parishes in. Its origin is latin variant of the greek name anakletos. The popes of the catholic church and the roman emperors from.
The ecumenical councils and their chief doctrines prayers. Dec 16, 2017 pope anacletus, bearded but with short, almost nonexistent, hair. Primum monachus benedictinus, deinde cardinalis fuit, ac saepe legatus papalis in francia et anglia versatus est. He divided the area into what would today be called. Saint anacletus, also called cletus, oranencletus, flourished 1st century ad. Pope anacletus il in the dust of the passionatestruggle. Saint anacletus was the second successor to saint peter in the see of rome, by whom he was. Your guide to the ecumenical councils of the church our. When the pope, whose utterances were awkwardly apt to be broadcast. Anacletus is a form of anakletos and is generally pronounced like ah nah klee tus. This name is sometimes used to refer to the third pope, saint anacletus.
The tradition and registers of the roman church show anacletus and cletus to have been two distinct popes, as is manifest from the liberian calendar and several very ancient lists of the first popes quoted by schelstrate diss. With the election of jorge mario cardinal bergoglio as pope francis in 20, there have been 266 popes in the history of the catholic church. While other issues were discussed, the focus was on fredrick, who was accused of numerous actions against the pope, of heresy and of kidnapping the bishops, and he was considered an enemy of the church. Previously he had been known as pietro leonis, and he was the grandson of the convert benedictus that is.
After the death of the second pope, linus, anacletus returned to rome. This was an act of revenge on the part of innocent ii. Epiphanius and the priest tyrannius rufinus, he directed the roman church with st. His papal name, which is greek, signifies one who has been called back to service. The conference examines the papal schism of 118 with. Of this council the most important decree was that of the primacy of the pope and of papal infallibility. Anacletus encyclopedia volume catholic encyclopedia. He established a christian community in ruvo, apulia, where he baptized christian followers in secret. The routledge history of medieval christianity 10501500 the. Cletus name meaning, origin of cletus name, popularity.
Bernard and by him was led to the feet of the pope. Anacletus ii, antipope from 1 to 18 whose claims to the papacy against pope innocent ii are still supported by some scholars. Pope zozimus in a letter to africa in 417 relates the trial and partial acquittal of the heretic caelestius in the basilica of st. Pope anacletus, also sometimes referred to as pope cletus, was the third pope of the catholic church, the official title is bishop of rome. Pope anacletus simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Cletus was a roman, who during his tenure as pope, is known to have ordained a number of priests and is traditionally credited with setting up about twentyfive parishes in rome. He toasted satan during a drinking spree and put his notorious.
Pope evaristus simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. By reason of his jewish descent, which prompted voltaire to call him ironically the jewish pope, anacletus had to. Anacletus was traditionally understood to have been a roman who served as pope for twelve years. Romae natus est nobili familia iudaea circiter anno 1090. Many sacred beliefs of our catholic faith can be traced to the 21 ecumenical councils held since the fourth century. Anacletus, saint and pope, was the second successor of st. Lutetiae et apud abbatiam cluniaci studia exercuit. This is the collogue page for discussin impruivements tae the pape anacletus article. Anacletus ii, original name pietro pierleoni, born, rome italydied jan. Anacletus cletus papa anacletus cletus anaklitos klitos athens, greece, roman empire 51 63 first greek pope. Called either an ecumenical universal or a general council, these terms are often used interchangeably. Mark and proclaimed him pope, with the name of anacletus ii. It can also function an an anglicized form of kleitos.
Pope gregory died that year and confronting the king fell to pope innocent iv, who in 1245 called for a general council at lyon, france. But is it necessary to be exact about popes of whom we know so little. Maria was the site of a complex process of the generation and then suppression of an alternative history of papal legitimacy and architectural patronage, that of pope anacletus ii r. Description reliquary containing a relic of pope saint cletus. It is true that the liberian catalogue, a fourthcentury list of popes, so called because it ends with pope liberius d. Cletus name meaning, origin of cletus name, popularity, analysis. Another clement named pope clement xi 23 november 1700 19 march 1721 is the youngest of the list. This is nae a forum for general discussion o the airticles subject pit new text unner auld text. He is also credited with ordering that all churches be consecrated blessed by special ceremonies. Anacletus ii died january 25, 18, born pietro pierleoni, was an antipope who ruled in opposition to pope innocent ii from 1 until his death in 18. Baruch christianus, who came from a distinguished roman family of jewish financiers.
The name of the second successor of peter, anacletus, is really anencletus, a. Peter of whom anything definite is known, and he is the first of the apostolic fathers. After study in paris, he became a monk at cluny and was made cardinal at rome in 1116 by pope paschal ii. Technically, it continued until it was closed by pope john xxiii. He is the successor to saint peter, the first among the apostles and the first pope of rome.
Anacletus appears in the liber pontificalis and the roman martyrology as two popes, both martyrs, with feasts on. Click here tae stairt a new topic please sign an date yer posts bi teepin fower tildes new tae wikipaedia. On the other hand, the catalogus liberianus, the carmen contra marcionem and the liber pontificalis, all most respectable for their antiquity, make cletus and anacletus distinct from each other. Anacletus ii was removed and pope innocent ii was entombed in his place. The international conference framing anacletus ii, antipope, 118 will take place april 1012, 20, at sapienzauniversita di roma and john cabot university in rome. Maria was the site of a complex process of the generation and then suppression of an alternative history of papal legitimacy and architectural.
Later in the day the party of pierleone assembled in the church of st. The saints eloquence was more effective than the imperial weapons. The encyclopaedia press 19 works by this author published before january 1, 1925 are in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago. After the split, a merger occurred in which the papal of. Councils consist of church bishops from around the world gathering in response to a crisis, to affirm church teachings or. Pope evaristus is the fifth pope of the catholic church, the official title is bishop of rome. He created a method of choosing future bishops by the creation of a group which is now known as the college of cardinals. Pope evaristus is noted for further developing the parishes of the catholic church, a work started by pope anacletus. Anacletus was the third bishop of rome making him the third pope although that title was not in use at the time. After the death of pope honorius ii, the college of cardinals was divided over his successor. Irenaeus list agrees with pope leos list with the exception of pope anacletus 100112ad whose name is missing from irenaeus 2nd century list. Cletus also known as anacletus was the third pope, holding the office between 7992. The pope is the spiritual leader of catholicism and the visible head of the catholic church. A comprehensive list of all the popes of the catholic church.
Pope clement i called clemens romanus to distinguish him from the alexandrian, is the first of the successors of st. Coulombe states that he was a jew and came from a jewish family from antioch, turkey pope evaristus is noted for further developing the parishes of the catholic church, a work. Volgens sommige bronne is hy dieselfde persoon as pous cletus ander bronne beweer egter dat hy sy opvolger was. He was succeeded by pope clement i, known for his letter to the corinthians. The first vatican council opened under pope pius ix in 1869 and adjourned on october 20, 1870 this general council was never closed officially, but was suspended. Irenaeus 2nd century list see church history, bishop eusebius, book v, chapter vi, 15 nicene and post nicene fathers, volume 1, page 221, hendricks publishing company. Anacletus held the support of almost the entire populace of rome, until the true pope regained control of the city in 18. He studied in paris and entered the benedictine abbey of cluny. Anacletus ii died january 25, 18, born pietro pierleoni, was an antipope who ruled in. Ab anno 1, honorio ii nuper mortuo, papa creatus est. In the eyes of many easter n chris tians, western chris tian ity became therbey a papal church, that. When anacletus died, the preference of the romans for innocent was so pronounced that the antipope, victor iv, whom the party chose as his successor, soon came as a penitent to st. Irenaeus, eusebius, augustine, optatus, use both names indifferently as of one person.
Whether he was the same as cletus, who is also called anencletus as well as anacletus, has been the subject of endless discussion. He has left one genuine writing, a letter to the church of corinth, and many others have been attributed to him. The individual in question was pope anacletus ii, who assumed the papal throne in 1. He ordained an undetermined number of priests during his reign, but almost nothing else is known about him. The original church had held the tomb of innocents papal rival, pope anacletus ii. Alison locke perchuk california state university channel. He established a christian community in ruvo, apulia, where he baptized christian followers in secret after the death of the second pope, linus, anacletus returned to rome. And because a heretic cannot be a catholic or a member of the catholic church, it is a fact that a heretic cannot be a pope, because a pope is the head of the catholic church. In 1118 he accompanied pope gelasius ii, who fled to france from the. A majority of cardinals elected pietro, while a minority elected papareschi innocent ii. January 25, 18 was an antipope who ruled from 11 to his death, in a schism against the contested hasty election of pope innocent ii. The document certifying the authenticity of this relic can be downloaded below as a pdf file. Nov 12, 2015 thus irenaeus has linus, anacletus, clement. A complete list of every single pope in the last 2000 years, in chronological order.1634 1480 1103 606 280 539 1399 233 1569 445 1167 1521 387 1470 641 1662 1496 326 1217 494 599 201 75 1471 268 1169 229 606 153 684 157 1233 301 1101 1261 1087 686 1001 348 621 1051 290 1466